The field of an Electronics Technician for Equipment and Systems includes the manufacture and test as well as fault-finding in electronic appliances. As an Electronics Technician (Elektroniker) you will build equipment and systems for electronic and other specialised applications. You are familiar with using the required manual tools, soldering methods, measuring devices and computers. Due to the high automation level in the production of modern, mass-produced electronic components you develop prototypes ahead of the production phase and conduct the maintenance and repair of systems.
As an Operative Electrician (in Germany called Elektroniker für Betriebstechnik
(Electronics Technician for Plant Systems)) or an Electronics Automation Technician (Elektroniker für Automatisierungstechnik) you work in a very multifaceted profession. You will most likely be working in industrial environments, such as electrical plant building, power stations, paper factories, chemical plants, smelting works, automobile plants and similar facilities.
As an Operative Electrician you will install industrial facilities, conduct maintenance and repair work on complex machines and systems, program automation systems and are an expert in measurement and control technology, process control technology and drive engineering.
The newly defined metalwork jobs in Germany are assigned to the international job description Polymechanics/Automation. In particularly the descriptions for Industrial Mechanic (Industriemechaniker) and Toolmaker (Werkzeugmechaniker) are described here.
Polymechanic is a manufacturing activity. Being a mechanic, milling and turning, among other machine-based and manual skills, are part of your work. In addition you must be adept in electro-pneumatics, including driving devices via a programmable microcontroller, and you must be able to assemble components into functional units and to put them into service.
Manufacturing Team Challenge
Production engineering encompasses the German professions Industrial Mechanic (Industriemechaniker), Construction Mechanic (Konstruktionsmechaniker), Toolmaker (Werkzeugmechaniker) and Mechatronics Technician (Mechatroniker).
Production engineering includes the drafting, production and assembly of machines, technical systems, metal constructions and component assemblies. Depending on your specialisation, you will be manufacturing machine and device components, lifts, conveyors, bridges, ships, stamping tools, bending units or mechatronic systems, such as robots, and will be assembling and testing them.
Technically advanced automation solutions require the intertwining of mechanics with electronics and informatics. The solution: Mechatronics
– a job description that was created only nine years ago.
As a mechatronics technician you can work in a systematic and goal-oriented manner; understand, modify and maintain systems, plants and devices; develop controls based on various technologies; organise and optimise production processes as well as realise quality management as a corporate philosophy.
Mechanical Engineering Design – CAD
A CAD design is a computer-aided design (= CAD), which is required for creating graphic models and drawings as well as documents and files for the production and documentation of parts and components.
In Germany the assigned profession is called engineering draughtsman. Your training will take place in one of several fields, e.g. as Architectural Draughtsman (Bauzeichner) or as System Planner (technischer Systemplaner).
A job as a CNC turning operator usually requires a qualification in the metal cutting field, such as Machining Mechanic
(Zerspanungsmechaniker) or Precision Mechanic. An additional qualification in CNC Engineering is recommended.
As a CNC turning operator you will need expert knowledge in turning and knowledge in CNC and NC programming. Another necessary requirement are skills in setting up machines and plants.
You will produce turned parts for mechanical engineering and for other manufacturing processes on computer-controlled lathes (CNC = computerized numerical control). Often there are workpieces with complex shapes, of which a medium or small series must be produced. You will determine the steps for manufacturing the workpiece based on technical drawings and other documents, call up machine work programs, test them or adjust them or write simple programs yourself. In addition you will set up the machine and produce the required parts.
A job as a CNC milling operator usually requires a qualification in the metal cutting field, such as Machining Mechanic (Zerspanungsmechaniker), as Industrial Mechanic
(Industriemechaniker) or as Precision Mechanic (Feinwerkmechaniker). Along with a solid basic knowledge in the machining of workpieces you will need to be adept in CNC engineering as well as in CNC programming. Additionally the setting up, operating and monitoring of CNC machining centres and quality control are of great significance.
As a CNC milling operator you will be writing CNC programs for complex work pieces and optimising the machining duration. In order to optimally design the production process it is also important to select the suitable cutting tools and clamping devices and to determine the order of the machining steps.
Welding is a modern cross-sectional technology, which is applied in many areas and professions: Without welding techniques no aeroplane would fly, no car would drive and no household appliance would work.
As a Welder (Schweißer) you will read drawings, standards and welding symbols, use the right welding technique and know the properties of available metals, in order to execute the tasks at the required level of quality. Strict safety regulations must be complied with. Components, constructions, plates, tubes and pressure vessels are welded objects.
In Germany, the mobile robotics job description is similar to the Mechatronic Technician
Mobile robot systems are mechatronic systems, which distinguish themselves from the established industrial automation systems insofar as they must solve their problems in unknown working environments. This requires you as the mechatronics technician to use not only sensor-supported technologies for the implementation and application but also new ways of thinking to control such systems.
Construction Metal Work
As a Metalworker (Metallbauer) you build and assemble steel constructions. Additional tasks include the maintenance and repair as well as general metal and welding tasks for many applications in industrial and private environments. The main fields of activity are metalworks, various welding techniques and adjusting works.
Sheet Metal Technology
The corresponding profession to sheet metal processing in Germany is the System Mechanic
The tasks of a system mechanic include manual model development with the use of CAD, production welding, operating machines, welding and assembling components consisting of different flat and hollow profiles with a strength between 0.6 and 3 mm made of different metals. The assemblies made of individual components are used in shipbuilding, in the production of aeroplanes, in food production equipment, in ventilation and transport systems, in building and in the manufacture of outdoor furniture.
In Germany the prototype construction can be assigned to the profession of Technical Model Builder
Before a new product goes into serial production, a prototype will be built according to 3D CAD data and other specifications. The final construction and the design will be determined by testing and conducting necessary changes to the prototype built. As a technical model builder you will be responsible for realising a wide variety of products for different applications for trade and industry.
Plastic Die Engineering
The corresponding profession to plastic mould development is the Toolmaker
(Werkzeugmechaniker) who creates the moulds for the production of sample parts. You will do this based on drawings of or specifications for the plastic parts and will fabricate such parts by means of injection moulding.
The program for the construction and creation of the moulds is done in a CAD/CAM system. Based on this program, the moulds are produced in a machining centre and then polished.
The moulds will then be implemented in a machine for the production of injection mould parts. Finally you will be writing a report in which the development concept for producing faultless products is explained.